Subsurface Laser Engraving, the Ultimate Glass Decoration Technique

Principle and History

Nowadays, all people has visible those glass merchandise with a 3-d photo internal. People are constantly surprised approximately the appears of the fashions inside whether or not it is a automobile, a sailboat or just a business enterprise logo.

In truth the image created on this way looks as if a sculpture interior a glass block. This might be the reason, why this glass decoration approach is so very popular. It is the primary technique which makes it possible to create a ‘sculpture’ with the help of a computer (CAD). The first time that the 3-d models from within the laptop can be converted in some thing real out of doors the laptop!

Subsurface laser engraving or 3-D crystal laser engraving, is a style of glass decoration wherein glass markings (tiny dots) are made inner a glass item with out traumatic the floor of the glass object.

How these subsurface laser engraving machines do their activity is in reality no longer so difficult to apprehend.

Everybody has, basically in his or her children, put a shoe string or a chunk  rose gold glass frames of paper on fireplace with the assist of a magnifying glass. The sunbeam is focused or bundled by using the magnifying glass. In the focus the bundled energy of the sunbeam is so excessive that the material and the oxygen in the air react and so the material starts burning. The circumstance in this example is that the fabric need to be able to burn in air, like paper, timber, dry grass, shoe string, etc.

Instead of solar light it is also viable to cognizance a laser beam with a lens. If the wavelength of the laser mild is properly-selected, the bundled strength inside the focal point of the lens can interact with glass. For glass, that wavelength is 1064nm or 532nm. Light and also laser light tour through glass normally with none interplay. Is the electricity of the mild high enough and has the laser mild the right wavelength, then something happens to the glass. While glass is typically obvious, at that focal factor that particular laser mild makes it locally non-obvious. This vicinity inside the glass is then visible as a tiny white dot.

By transferring the focal point and laser to exclusive locations and developing dots at these places, a 3D version may be built.

In fact, the subsurface laser gadget makes the version in slices. First the gadget makes the dots in one aircraft at the bottom of the glass cube. Then it movements up a little higher and makes the dots in the subsequent aircraft, by doing so, on and on, it creates a three-D version.

So the fun part of this approach is that the laser light simplest could make dots at the focal point and the relaxation of the glass item thru which it travels stays untouched.

Originally the method became invented in Russia as a spin-off of the laser program at some stage in the Cold War. At first the dots were relatively big and the models had been simplest composed of 50 to 200 points. But seeing that they have been the first ever proven at gift ware fairs, anybody become sincerely amazed.

After the Fraunhofer Institute in Aachen, Germany, the powerhouse for global laser developments, invented in 1997 a new sort of laser the technique became truly famous. This new laser made very tiny dots and the writing velocity changed into incomparable with the Russian generation. This led to fashions, with say 50,000 dots, which took best 20 seconds to be engraved in a pitcher block.

The gift ware international had a brand new tool to make extremely good glass products.

3-d Crystal or Glass?

The time period three-D crystal laser engraving is extensively used rather than subsurface laser engraving.

Although subsurface laser engraving describes exactly what happens, it sounds commercially more exciting to call it 3-D crystal laser engraving. The word ‘crystal’ appeals greater valuable to people than glass and that might be the purpose for this relatively perplexing name.

Although it is feasible to do subsurface laser engraving in crystal and many different obvious substances, the material commonly used for this approach is Optical Glass.

Optical glass is a kind of glass which is made in a totally precise way. Any artefacts within the glass might have an impact on the optical quality. For the 3D laser engraving process it is very essential that the satisfactory of the used optical glass is uniform during the entire block to avoid errors.

So the subsequent time that you see somewhere written “3D crystal” you recognize it’s far without a doubt not crystal however (optical) glass.


The most famous software is for making corporate gifts. A glass block or any other shape with an inner design of a employer logo and text is a protracted-lasting gift to be able to without a doubt get an area on the desk of the receiver.

The technology has developed and objects are not restrained anymore to three centimeters by some centimeters. Massive blocks of 15cm through 15cm can completely be stuffed up with designs and texts. So it’s also an ideal fabric for glass trophies which can be usually bulkier then the smaller blocks which are seen anywhere inside the shops.

The standard gift ware marketplace is the second one market for those products. Images of landmarks, just like the Eiffel tower or the Taj Mahal, are famous souvenir objects and create a lifelong remembrance of that unique vacation.

Personalized presents is another growing marketplace for the 3-D crystal presents. With new camera techniques and additionally just by software, a 3D image of the face/head is made in the wink of an eye. With a few extra textual content it will become a stunning anniversary present, a birthday gift or just a stunning domestic ornament.

The technique of 3D crystal laser engraving is continuous evolving and the speeds are ever-growing. This opened the manner for different, larger applications. In offices, glass dividers with an internal laser engraved layout locate their way. Glass furniture, like table tops, can be adorned with this method.

More and extra popular are signs for industrial functions. Especially the aggregate of those signs and LED-mild era are very powerful, due to the fact the engraving lighting up and the other elements of the glass live unlit.